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I'd like to present the State of art for the solutions available for blind users related to the Operating System Linux.
First, Linux is accessible in two different ways: graphical interface and text console.
The graphical interface is more useful for home users or students that want to use Linux as an alternative operating system and they use it for tasks like word processing, internet surfing, etc.
The textual console is oriented to users that want to use this operating system for computer programming or because they want to configure a computer as a network server.
There are two main screen readers available at the moment that allow to use linux.
The first one is BRLTTY specifically developed to use Linux in textual mode.
At the moment it reaches a good stability and it permits to do all the tasks that are available under Linux console. It's compatible with the most common distributions available on the net.
Here is the link where you can read all the information about it and
download the screen reader as well.
The other solution is to use the graphical interface in Linux.
This screen reader is developed for GNOME desktop and its name is ORCA.
From the version 2.16 of GNOME it's already included by default in the most of all the distribution.
You can read and download this screen reader following this link
At the moment the distribution that is taking more care about accessibility problems is Ubuntu.
It includes by default all these screen readers from the installation stage, where you can even test it before installing using the live CD.
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